Washing Machine Parts Name [with Pictures] - SimplySwider.com
Appliance Maintenance

What’s Inside Your Washer: Washing Machine Parts Name [with Pictures]

Written by

Jason Carter

What’s Inside Your Washer: Washing Machine Parts Name [with Pictures]

Listen up:

I’ve had my hands in and around washers for years. Trust me, it’s a jungle in there—a complex network of parts making your clothes smell springtime fresh. Yet when one tiny component fails, it’s chaos.

Here’s the deal:

Understanding your washer isn’t just about throwing in detergent and pressing buttons. It’s about knowing what makes it tick—or spin, in this case.

So, what’s the plan?

I’ll walk you through the most crucial parts of your washer, where to find them, and what they do. This insider info is your first line of defense against minor breakdowns that can escalate into costly repairs.

Ready? Let’s dive in.

Washing Machine Parts Name

22 Parts of Both Top-Load and Front-Load Washing Machines You Should Know

Your washer, no matter the type, has core components like a motor, drum, and control panel. But the extras—like agitators in top-loaders—make each model distinct.

To simplify, I’ve prepared a table below. It’ll give you the lowdown on what each type of washer typically contains.

Knowing these parts? It’s step one in DIY repair. Trust me, it makes a difference.

PDF to download.

PartCommon to AllTop LoadFront- LoadModernOld models
Inner Tub✔️    
Outer Drum✔️    
Water Inlet Valve✔️    
Drain Pump✔️    
Control Panel✔️    
Door/Lid Lock✔️    
Water inlet hose and Drain hose)✔️    
Pulsator ✔️   
Transmission ✔️   
Suspension Springs ✔️   
Agitator/Impeller ✔️   
Agitator Cam ✔️   
Agitator Dogs ✔️   
Agitator Cap ✔️   
Water Level Pressure Switch ✔️   
Motor Coupler ✔️   
Clutch ✔️   
Suspension Rods ✔️   
Basket Drive ✔️   
Tub Seal ✔️   
Shift Actuator ✔️   
Lid Switch ✔️   
Drive belt ✔️   
Belt Pulleys ✔️   
Circulation Pump  ✔️  
Door Seal (Gasket)  ✔️  
Door Boot  ✔️  
Detergent Dispenser  ✔️  
Drum Paddle  ✔️  
Shock Absorbers  ✔️  
Rotor  ✔️  
Stator  ✔️  
WiFi Module   ✔️ 
LED Display   ✔️ 
Mechanical Timer    ✔️
Mechanical Knobs    ✔️

Let’s now get a little bit technical and talk about these components in detail.

Understanding the Key Components and Structure of a Washing Machine

1. Tub/Drum

Washer Tub Drum Part
NameInner TubOuter Drum
Found OnAll modelsAll models
FunctionHolds the clothes; spins or agitates.Surrounds the inner tub; holds water.
DesignPerforated for draining. May have paddles, an agitator, or a pulsator.Usually solid. May have dampers or shock absorbers.
Common IssuesBuild-up of detergent, mold, or odors.Leaking, misalignment, buildup, shaking.
MaintenanceRegular cleaning with mild detergent.Not user-serviceable.

2. Control Panel/User Interface

Washer Control Panel Part
NameControl Panel, User Interface
Found OnAll models
LocationUsually on the top front or top back for top-loaders; top or front for front-loaders.
FunctionHouses the controls for wash cycles, temperature, spin speed, etc.
MaintenanceRegular cleaning with a soft, damp cloth.
NoteModern models often feature LED or LCD displays and touch controls; older models may have mechanical knobs and dials. Some modern models have smartphone connectivity.

3. Control Board

Washer Control Board Part
NameControl Board
Found OnAll modern models
LocationTypically located inside the control panel or at the rear of the machine, often encased to protect from moisture.
FunctionOversees and controls all operations, including cycle timing, water levels, temperature, and spin speeds.
NoteAdvanced models may include features like WiFi connectivity, diagnostic capabilities, and software updates.

4. Water Inlet Valve

Washer Inlet Valves Part
NameWater Inlet Valve
Found OnAll models
LocationTypically at the rear of the machine, where the water hoses connect.
FunctionControls the flow of hot and cold water into the machine based on selected wash settings.
MaintenanceRegular inspection for leaks or clogs.
NoteFailure can result in either no water entering the machine or continuous flow leading to overflows.

5. Door or Lid

NameDoor or Lid
Found OnAll models
LocationFront of the machine for front-loaders. Top of the machine for top-loaders.
FunctionProvides a physical barrier to keep water and laundry inside during wash cycles. Often locks during operation.
MaintenanceRegular cleaning to prevent mold or mildew, especially the gasket/seal.
NoteMany modern models have safety locks that prevent opening during cycles.
Washer Door or Lid Part

6. Lid Switch or Door Lock

NameLid Switch or Door Lock
Found OnAll modern models
LocationAdjacent to the door/lid area, usually concealed
FunctionLocks the door or lid during wash cycles to ensure safety
NoteA faulty lid switch or door lock can prevent the machine from starting or completing a cycle. Some modern models will display an error message if the lock is not properly engaged.

7. Pumps (Drain Pump and Circulation Pump)

NameDrain PumpCirculation Pump
Found OnAll modelsMostly modern and high-efficiency models
LocationUsually at the bottom of the machineVaries, but often at the bottom
FunctionRemoves water from the drum and expels it out of the drain hoseRecirculates water during the wash cycle.
Associated PartsDrain hose, wiring to the control boardWiring to the control board, water tubing
MaintenanceRegular cleaning of the filter (if present); check for clogs or blockagesRegular inspection for proper function.
NoteMalfunction can cause water to remain in the drumEnhances wash efficiency

8. Motors

Washer Motors Part
NameMain Drive MotorDrain Pump MotorCirculation Pump MotorDispenser MotorAgitator Motor
Found OnAll modelsAll modelsMostly modern and high-efficiency modelsModels with automatic detergent dispensersTraditional top-loaders with agitators
LocationUsually at the bottom or rear of the machineNear the drain pumpNear the circulation pumpNear the detergent dispenserNear the agitator
FunctionPowers agitation, spinning, and other primary washing functionsDrives the drain pump to remove water from the drumDrives the circulation pump for water recirculationOperates the automatic detergent and fabric softener dispensersSpecifically drives the agitator

9. Transmission

Washer Transmission Part
Found OnMostly traditional top-loaders with agitators. Not common in modern front-loaders or high-efficiency top-loaders
LocationUsually located beneath the drum, connected to the main drive motor
FunctionConverts the rotational energy from the motor into the movements required for both agitating and spinning the drum
NoteA faulty transmission can lead to problems with agitation, spinning, or both. Often expensive to replace.

10. Hoses

NameWater Inlet HosesDrain HosePressure Switch HoseOverflow HoseDetergent Dispenser Hose
Found OnAll modelsAll modelsAll modelsMostly older modelsModern models with automatic detergent dispensers
LocationConnected to water supply valves at the rear of the machine.Connected to the drain pump.Usually connected to the water level switch.Near the top of the drum.Near the detergent dispenser unit.
FunctionSupply water from the main supply to the drum.Remove water from the drum and expel it to a drain.Connects to the water level switch to sense the water level in the drum.Serves as an emergency drain pathway.Transfers detergent from dispenser to drum.
MaintenanceCheck for cracks, leaks, and ensure secure connection.Regular cleaning.  Check for clogs or blockages.Check for holes, clogs, and ensure proper connection.Check for blockages.Regular cleaning and inspection.
Washer Hoses Part

11. Agitator or Pulsator

Agitator and Pulsator Washer Parts
Found OnTraditional top-loaders.High-efficiency top-loaders
LocationCenter of the washing drum.Bottom of the washing drum
Functi onMoves clothes in a dual-action, spiral manner to enhance detergent penetration.Rotates more gently, moving water through clothes to reduce friction.
MaintenanceCheck for wear and tear.Check for wear and tear, and ensure proper attachment to the motor.
 AdvantageMore rigorous but may be tough on clothes.Generally gentler on clothes.
NoteFront-loaders typically do not have either an agitator or pulsator, relying instead on drum movements.

12. Clutch

Found OnMainly traditional top-loaders with agitators; less common in high-efficiency and front-loading models.
LocationUsually situated between the transmission and the tub, connected to the motor.
FunctionAllows the transition from the agitate cycle to the spin cycle, enabling the inner tub to spin at varying speeds.
NoteA faulty clutch can result in a machine that won’t spin properly or may not spin at all.
Clutch Washer Part

13. Suspension Rods

Suspension Rods Washer Part
NameSuspension Rods
Found OnAll modern models, some traditional top-loaders.
LocationTop of the machine, connected to the tub.
FunctionProvides stability and dampens movement of the tub.
MaintenanceRegular inspection for wear or detachment.
NoteWorn-out rods can cause imbalances.

14. Shift Actuator  

Shift Actuator Washer Part
NameShift Actuator
Found OnMainly in top-loaders.
LocationBelow the washer.
FunctionFacilitates shifting between agitation and spinning modes.

15. Capacitor

Capacitor Washer Part
Found OnMost models (both top-load and front-load).
LocationTypically near the motor.
FunctionStores electrical energy and helps the motor during start-up.
NoteA faulty capacitor can make it difficult for the motor to start.

16. Detergent Dispenser

Detergent Dispenser Washer Part
NameDetergent Dispenser
Found OnMost modern models.
LocationUsually at the top or front, near the control panel.
FunctionHolds and dispenses detergent and fabric softener.
Notemodels vary with multiple compartments for pre-wash, main wash, and softeners.

17. Rotor and Stator

Rotor and Stator Washer Part
NameRotor and Stator
Found OnDirect-drive front and top load models.
LocationBack or bottom of the washer.
FunctionThe rotor rotates around the stator generating an electromagnetic field that moves the drum.

18. Drive Belt and Belt Pulley

Drive Belt and Motor Pulley Washer Part
NameDrive BeltSplutch Cam
Found OnTraditional top-loaders, some older front-loaders.Certain top-loading washers.
LocationWraps around the motor and drum pulleys.Below the motor pulley.
FunctionTransmits motion from the motor to the drum.Assists in the shift from agitation to spin cycle.
NoteBelt can wear out or lose tension.The splutch cam can wear out or break.

19. Drain Filter

Drain Filter Washer Part
NameDrain Filter
Found OnBoth top-loaders and front-loaders.
LocationTypically near the drain pump, at the bottom of the machine.
FunctionCaptures and prevents debris and lint from entering the drain system, protecting the drain pump and pipes.
MaintenanceRegular cleaning to remove trapped debris.
NoteA clogged filter can hinder the draining process.

20. Timer

Timer Washer Part
Found OnTraditional washers.
LocationUsually on the control panel.
FunctionControls the duration and sequence of washing cycles, including wash, rinse, and spin.
NoteMany modern washers have replaced traditional timers with digital/electronic controls.

21. Tub to Pump Hose

Tub to Pump Hose Washer Part
NameTub to drain hose
Found OnBoth top-loaders and front-loaders.
LocationConnect the tub to the drain pump.
FunctionTransports water from the tub to the drain pump.
MaintenanceInspect regularly for leaks or blockages.

22. Door Seal

Door Seal Washer Part
NameDoor Seal
Found OnPrimarily on front-loading washing machines.
LocationAround the door opening.
FunctionEnsures a watertight seal when the door is closed to prevent leaks during operation.
MaintenanceRegularly inspect for wear, tear, or mold.
NoteMold or mildew can form on the seal if not dried properly, leading to odors.


And there you have it, a rundown of the essential components inside your top-load or front-load washing machine!

Remember, the design and positioning of these parts might vary based on your washer’s brand and model.

To delve deeper into your washer’s intricacies, search for its service and repair manual. Often, you’ll find handy diagrams of each component.

Have a question? Drop it in the comments below or share it in our Facebook Group.

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